electronics:tb6600_stepper_motor_driver

TB6600 Stepper Motor Driver





Safety Statement

The author of this document is not liable or responsible for any accidents, injuries, equipment damage, property damage, loss of money or loss of time resulting from improper use of electrical or mechanical or software products.

Assembling electrical and mechanical CNC machine components like power supplies, motors, drivers or other electrical and mechanical components involves dealing with high voltage AC (alternating current) or DC (direct current) and other hazardous items which can be extremely dangerous and needs high attention to detail, experience, knowledge of software, electricity, electro-mechanics and mechanics.

BEFORE MAKING ANY CONNECTIONS OR DISCONNECTIONS POWER MUST BE REMOVED FROM THE DEVICE AND THE CONTROLLER. FAILURE TO DO SO WILL VOID ANY AND ALL WARRANTIES.

Before starting please read though all the instructions.

Note : Any Mains power connections must be installed by a Licensed electrician or suitability qualified person.

Errors and omissions excepted

The TB6600 Stepper Motor Driver is a professional two-phase stepper motor driver. It supports speed and direction control. You can set its micro step and output current with 6 DIP switches. There are 7 kinds of micro steps (1, 2 / A, 2 / B, 4, 8, 16) and 8 kinds of current control (0.5A, 1A, 1.5A, 2A, 2.5A, 2.8A, 3.0A, 3.5A) in all. All signal terminals adopt high-speed optocoupler isolation, enhancing its anti-high-frequency interference ability.

  • Supports 8 levels of current control
  • Supports 7 levels of micro step adjustment
  • Interfaces adopt high-speed optocoupler isolation
  • Automatic semi-flow to reduce heat
  • Large area heat sink
  • Anti-high-frequency interference ability
  • Input anti-reverse protection
  • Overheat, over current and short circuit protection
Input Current: 0-5.0A
Output Current: 0.5-4.0A
Power (MAX): 160W
Micro Step: 1, 2/A, 2/B, 4, 8, 16
Temperature: -10~45℃
Humidity: No Condensation
Weight: 0.2 kg
Dimensions: 96x56x33 mm

Suitable for a variety of small and medium sized automation equipment and instruments, such as: engraving machine, marking machine, cutting machine, laser typesetting, plotters, CNC machine tools, handling the devices.

PUL+ Pulse +
PUL- Pulse -
DIR+ Direction +
DIR- Direction -
EN+ Off-line Control Enable +
EN- Off-line Control Enable –
A+ Stepper motor A+
A- Stepper motor A-
B+ Stepper motor B+
B- Stepper motor B-
VCC VCC (DC9-42V)
GND GND

There are three input signals:

Step pulse signal PUL +, PUL-;
Direction signal DIR +, DIR-;
Enable signal EN +, EN-.

The driver supports common-cathode and common-anode circuit, you can select one according to your requirements.

Connect PUL +, DIR + and EN + to the power supply of the control system. If the power supply is + 5V, it can be directly connected. If the power supply is more than +5V, a current limiting resistor R must be added externally to ensure that the controller pin can output 8 - 15mA current to drive the internal optocoupler.

Pulse signal connects to PUL-; direction signal connects to Dir- ; Enable signal connects to EN-. As shown below:

Connect PUL -, DIR - and EN - to the ground terminal of the control system. Pulse signal connects to PUL+; direction signal connects to Dir+ ; Enable signal connects to EN+. As shown below:

Note: When “EN” is in the valid state, the motor is in a free state (Off-line mode). In this mode, you can adjust the motor shaft position manually. When “EN” is in the invalid state, the motor will be in an automatic control mode.

Below is a common-anode connection (“EN” not connected).

Note: Always disconnect the power when making connections and ensure the power polar is correct. Or it will damage the controller.

Two-phase 4-wire, 6-wire, 8-wire motor wiring, as shown below:

The follow table shows the TB6600 Driver Micro step settings. The first 3 DIP switches are used to set the micro steps.

Step Angle = Motor Step Angle / Micro Step

E.g. A stepper motor with a 1.8° step angle, the final step angle under “Micro step 4” will be 1.8°/4=0.45°

Micro Step Pulse/Rev S1 S2 S3
NC NC ON ON ON
1 200 ON ON OFF
2/A 400 ON OFF ON
2/B 400 ON OFF OFF
4 800 OFF ON ON
8 1600 OFF ON OFF
16 3200 OFF OFF ON
NC NC OFF OFF OFF
Current (A) S4 S5 S6
0.5 ON ON ON
1 OFF ON ON
1.5 ON OFF ON
2 OFF OFF ON
2.5 ON ON OFF
3 OFF ON OFF
3.5 ON OFF OFF
4 OFF OFF OFF

If you turn on the Enable / Off-line function, the motor will enter a free state, you will be able to turn the motor shaft freely and any pulse signal will be ignored. If you turn it off, the driver will be in automatic control mode.

Note: Generally, EN terminal is not connected.

  • electronics/tb6600_stepper_motor_driver.txt
  • Last modified: 2020/04/02 17:55
  • by Maker Hardware Team